At Illinois Dermatology Institute, we understand your desire for clear, touchable skin. Using today’s latest methods, we diagnose and treat acne based on underlying causes for breakouts and skin issues.
Here, you can learn more about acne, its common causes, and today’s latest treatment options.
If you have been suffering from acne for years, we invite you to book an appointment for proper diagnosis and treatment.
What is acne?
Acne is a term that describes any condition such as comedones (blackheads, whiteheads, etc.), large nodules, and red pimples. Acne can be present on the face and appear on the shoulders, arms, back, chest, and buttocks. There may be a connection to genetics when it comes to acne, but this is uncertain.
What Causes Acne?
Acne starts when sebaceous (oil) glands which are tied to hair follicles secrete sebum. These glands are usually most active during puberty, resulting in more oily skin than normal. The oil is then excreted into hair follicles, clogging the follicle with dead skin cells. This can lead to closed comedones (whiteheads) or open comedones if there is no inflammation at the site.
The inflammation and red bumps or nodules associated with acne are caused by a buildup of bacteria known as Propionibacterium, consuming the sebum and attracting your body’s immune cells.
What makes acne worse?
It is thought that prolonged periods of stress can aggravate acne symptoms. It may become worse in women just before menstruation due to the change in hormone levels. Sugary foods such as chocolate and soda may also make acne worse, and avoiding these foods may help to improve skin conditions.
Make-up products containing oil ought to be avoided as this can contribute to the clogging of your pores. If you are experiencing acne around your hairline, try to avoid greasy or oily gels. Opt for oil-free and water-based cosmetics for your best chance to prevent acne.
Many different medications are available to help you manage your acne. Your skin takes roughly 30 days to cycle, meaning you should allow up to three months for any signs of skin improvement.
Treatments and medications for acne include:
Benzoyl peroxides: these creams and washes kill bacteria on your face, which cause acne
Glycolic acids: these toners and lotions, and peels use acid to keep your pores from getting clogged and regulate your skin cycle process. They can also help the red spots which occur after an acne outbreak to fade.
Vitamin A and Retinoids: when used each night, retinoids unplug your pores and bring down inflammation. It can lead to mild flaking in the skin, however.
More focused treatment can be found at our clinic for dealing with acne. We use the latest technology to deal with persistent acne while protecting the health of your skin.
Specific treatments include:
- Deep pore cleansing
- PCA peels
- Blue light therapy
- PCA masks
- CCSD restart peels
Does acne ever go away?
In general, acne tends to subside during the late teens or early 20s, although some people will experience acne into adulthood. Predicting exactly when acne will disappear on its own is very difficult to do, however. Acne will typically go through cycles of eruption and improvement while it is active.
Contact IDI for your consultation in the Chicago area
While acne does not usually lead to severe health conditions, it can cause permanent scarring and damaging emotional effects for patients of any age. Patients should seek dermatologic treatment for acne if symptoms do not respond to over-the-counter treatment methods or scarring develops as the acne clears.